Tooth Pain : Causes and Treatment , How to stop Sudden tooth pain fast?

  • Tooth Pain or Toothache is a most common dental problem which causes a lot of discomfort and pain. Most of people experience sudden toothache they don’t know what to do? Some people may experience tooth sensitivity which may start when you eat something like sweet food, hot or cold food or drinks. In this post we will discuss What are causes of sudden Tooth Pain? What are treatments for tooth pain? When should you visit Dentist? And What are Home remedies For tooth Ache?

Tooth Pain

What Tooth Is Made up of ?

Human teeth are made up of four different types of tissue: Enamel, Dentin, Cementum, and Pulp

  • Enamel, It is the hardest tissue in the body, which covers the dentin and forms the outermost layer of the crown. It is composed of ~96% carbonated apatite, ~3% of water and less than 1% of organic matrix by weight. It lets teeth withstand the pressure of chewing and protects them from harmful bacteria and changes in temperature from hot and cold foods.
  • Dentin It surrounds the pulp. Dentine is a hard yellow substance formed of 30% organic matrix, consisting mainly of type-I collagen, 50% inorganic reinforcing phase of carbonated apatite and 20% dentinal fluid similar to blood plasma. It makes up most of the tooth and is as hard as bone. It’s the dentin that gives teeth their yellowish tint.
  • A layer of cementum Generally, acellular cementum is thin and covers the cervical root, whereas thick cellular cementum covers the apical root. Cementum contains two types of fibers, i.e. extrinsic (Sharpey’s) fibers which are embedded ends of the principal fibers and intrinsic fibers which are fibers of cementum proper. Cementum covers the outside of the root, under the gum line, and holds the tooth in place within the jawbone. Cementum is also as hard as bone.
  • The pulp is the innermost portion of the tooth and consists of Connective tissue, nerves, and blood vessels, which nourish the tooth. The pulp has two parts — the pulp chamber, which lies in the crown, and the root canal, which is in the root of the tooth. Blood vessels and nerves enter the root through apical foramen a small hole in its tip and extend through the canal into the pulp chamber. Its Pulp that supplies nerve sensation to hot, cold and pressure to tooth.

Tooth Anatomy

What is reason for tooth Pain?

There are many reason for tooth pain, follow list below for Some possible causes.

  • Cavity or tooth decay.
  • Tooth fracture (broken tooth).
  • Trauma from accident or chewing hard foods.
  • Inflamed Gums or Gum Abscess( Gingivitis, Periodontitis)
  • Abscess in tooth or tooth root (a bacterial infection inside the center of the tooth or surround the tooth root).
  • A damaged old filling.
  • Repetitive Abnormal motions, such as Clenching, Grinding these motions can wear down your teeth.
  • Impaction or Eruption of a tooth (for example, wisdom teeth, or new coming tooth).

What Is the reason for sudden tooth ache?

Due to a variety of reasons such as tooth decay, gum disease, trauma to the tooth, or an abscess, innermost layer of tooth i.e. Pulp may get infected because of bacterial invasion. Infection may result in inflammation in pulp tissue.

Tooth decay is the most common cause of toothache. Bacteria in the mouth accumulates in form of plaque and calculus these bacteria produce acid that erodes the enamel, leading to a tooth decay. If left untreated, the cavity can reach the pulp of the tooth, causing inflammation and pain. these inflammatory changes in pulp tissue leads to Pulpitis which are of two type that is Reversible or irreversible. In Reversible Pulpitis pain start with hot or cold sensation and pain last for few minutes and goes away its own. In Irreversible pulpitis pain start its own which is sharp shooting or deep throbbing in nature and may radiate to surrounding area such as ear, neck, cheek or head.

Gum disease such as gingivitis or periodontitis is another common cause of toothache. It occurs when bacteria accumulate in the gums, which may leads to inflammation and bleeding while brushing or chewing. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to tooth abscess and someone may experience Sweet pain or gnawing sensation or it goes away if you apply pressure.

When to visit dentist?

Visit dentist or get professional help if you see early symptoms. Delay in dental treatment always cost more.

  • If you see black spot on tooth.
  • if you experience sensation to hot and cold.
  • if you see bleeding in gum area while brushing.
  • Bad smell when you breath or talk.
  • If pain don’t stops even after taking medicine.
  • Pain while opening mouth wide or chewing food.

What are preventive methods for tooth pain?

  • Brushing is best care for teeth and oral cavity.
  • Avoid sweet or Carbohydrate contain foods.
  • Avoid Snacks between Meals.
  • Flossing at least once a day.
  • Periodic dental check up and professional cleaning.
  • Medicated toothpaste or Gargle as per early symptoms

What are treatment options for tooth pain?

Medication: Anti-inflammatory Such as Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, Aceclofenac etc. Antibiotics, If there is abscess Antibiotics with Dentist or physician advice.

Dental Treatment:

Filling, If tooth decay or cavity causing tooth ache dentist clean out all decay with dental instruments and restore tooth structure with dental filling Material like Light Cure Composite, GIC, Silver Amalgam.

Root Canal Treatment, When decay approaches dental pulp and pulp gets irreversible inflammatory changes dentist extirpate all pulp tissue from root canal system and disinfect root canals using chemical solutions and restore tooth structure with filling material and Crown.

What Are Home remedies For Tooth Pain?

  • Saltwater rinse. Take a teaspoon of salt into a glass of Luke warm water and rinse your mouth or Gargle thoroughly. Saltwater clean out food debris and act as a disinfectant and reduce inflammation.
  • Hydrogen peroxide Rinse. A 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide diluted in equal parts of water helps to reduce inflammation and pain. Don’t swallow it.
  • Cold compress. In case of swelling and pain, hold a cold compress of ice wrapped in a towel to the painful area for 20-minute periods. Repeat every few hours.
  • Clove oil. Clove oil has biological activities, such as antibacterial, antifungal, insecticidal and antioxidant properties. A natural antinflammatory that numbs pain and reduces inflammation. Dab Two to three drops of clove oil on a cotton ball and apply to the painful area.
  • Eugenol Oil phenolic compounds in eugenol oil denature protein in bacteria and act as a antibacterial, antifungal, insecticidal and antioxidant. Dab Two to three drops of clove oil on a cotton ball and apply to the painful area.
  • Majuphal (Quercusinfectoria) possess astringent, antidiabetic, antitremorine, local anesthetic, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, larvicidal and anti-inflammatory activities. Take Powder of majuphal and hold in affected area for some time. It also helps in Gingival disease.
  • Vanilla extract. The alcohol in vanilla extract numbs pain temporarily and its antioxidants help the area heal. Use your fingertips or cotton ball to apply the extract to the tooth and gum a few times a day.
  • Peppermint tea. Peppermint’s soothing properties can be applied to the painful area with a cooled down peppermint tea bag. Hold this warm tea bag against the tooth and gum.
  • Garlic. Make a paste of a crushed garlic clove and apply to the affected area. Garlic can kill bacteria (it contains the antimicrobial allicin) and relieve pain.

In conclusion, toothache can be a painful and uncomfortable experience. It is important to identify the underlying cause of the pain and seek professional help if necessary. In the meantime, home remedies can help to alleviate the pain and discomfort associated with a toothache. Regular dental checkups and good oral hygiene can also help to prevent toothaches and other dental problems.

Leave a Comment